atsman (atsman) wrote,
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atsman

WORLD’S MOST AND LEAST RACIALLY TOLERANT AND ETHNICALLY DIVERSE COUNTRIES

"WASHINGTON POST" опубликовала две занятные статьи (выше заголовки объединил в один). В первой статье автор, Макс Фишер (Max Fisher), приводит мнения учёных о том, какие страны мира являются более терпимыми в отношении представителей других рас и какие менее. Их вердикт в отношении корейцев, впрочем, не оказался неожиданным (см. ниже).

A fascinating map of the world’s most and least racially tolerant countries. By Max Fisher, Published: May 15, 2013 at 3:28 pm

racism-map(2)

Among the dozens of questions that World Values asks, the Swedish economists found one that, they believe, could be a pretty good indicator of tolerance for other races. The survey asked respondents in more than 80 different countries to identify kinds of people they would not want as neighbors. Some respondents, picking from a list, chose “people of a different race.” The more frequently that people in a given country say they don’t want neighbors from other races, the economists reasoned, the less racially tolerant you could call that society. (The study concluded that economic freedom had no correlation with racial tolerance, but it does appear to correlate with tolerance toward homosexuals.)<...>

Before we dive into the data, a couple of caveats. First, it’s entirely likely that some people lied when answering this question; it would be surprising if they hadn’t. But the operative question, unanswerable, is whether people in certain countries were more or less likely to answer the question honestly. For example, while the data suggest that Swedes are more racially tolerant than Finns, it’s possible that the two groups are equally tolerant but that Finns are just more honest. The willingness to state such a preference out loud, though, might be an indicator of racial attitudes in itself. Second, the survey is not conducted every year; some of the results are very recent and some are several years old, so we’re assuming the results are static, which might not be the case.<...>

<...>South Korea, not very tolerant, is an outlier. Although the country is rich, well-educated, peaceful and ethnically homogenous – all trends that appear to coincide with racial tolerance – more than one in three South Koreans said they do not want a neighbor of a different race. This may have to do with Korea’s particular view of its own racial-national identity as unique – studied by scholars such as B.R. Myers – and with the influx of Southeast Asian neighbors and the nation’s long-held tensions with Japan. <...>

Полезно почитать и вторую статью - A revealing map of the world’s most and least ethnically diverse countries. By Max Fisher, Published: May 16, 2013 at 12:33 pm.

diverity-map-harvard(2)
Tags: Корея, корейцы, расизм
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